What is the Prevention of Cruelty to Animal Act, 1960
This is federal law of the Government of India enacted to prevent the unnecessary pain or suffering on animals.
Which forbids people from hunting, poaching, illegal trades of musk, rhino horns, fur, etc.
Peta is an American base organization which is against cruelty to animals.
ASAW is an Indian based organizationwhich is against cruelty to animals.
The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act,1960.
The Animal Welfare Board of India was established in 1962 under Section 4 of The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act,1960. Well-known humanitarian Rukmini Devi Arundale was instrumental in setting up the board and was its first chair. The Board consists of 28 Members, who serve for a period of 3 years. It has its headquarters in Chennai, India.
The Board was initially within the jurisdiction of the Government of India’s Ministry of Food and Agriculture. In 1990, the subject of Prevention of Cruelty to Animals was transferred to the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate change, where it now resides.
Composition of Animal Welfare Division
Animal Welfare Board of India
The Animal Welfare Division is entrusted with the implementation of the provisions of the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960 (59 of 1960). Plan Schemes are in operation for implementation of the statutory obligations under this Act. Two statutory bodies viz, Animal Welfare Board of India (AWBI) and Committee for the Purpose of Supervision and Control of Experiments on Animals (CPCSEA) have also been set up under this Act. Apart from this there is a subordinate body namely, National Institute of Animal Welfare (NIAW), Ballabhgarh, Haryana for imparting training and education on diversified subjects in Animal Welfare including animal management, behavior and ethics.
Activities relating to Animal Welfare are looked after by the Animal Welfare Division of the Ministry of Forests & Climate change with the mandate to prevent the infliction of unnecessary pain or suffering on animals. To accomplish this mission a three-pronged approach has been adopted as follows:-
The main task of the Division is to implement the various provisions of Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act(PCA), 1960. Under this Act, various rules have been framed for carrying out the purpose of the Act. Copies of PCA Act and rules made thereunder may be accessed in the Legislation section under Animal Welfare Division.
The Division provides financial assistance through the Animal Welfare Board of India (located in Chennai), for construction of shelter house, dispensaries etc. for stray, infirm and abandoned animals. It also gives grants for ambulance & vehicles in connection with treatment and transportation of sick, injured and rescued animals. Another major developmental program is immunization and sterilization of stray dogs.
Workshops, seminars and conferences are organized from time to time. Newsletters of AWBI also help in dissemination of information. Information is also provided through the website of the Ministry.
Animal Welfare Division is providing financial assistance to registered NGOs/ AWOs for the welfare of animals through Animal Welfare Board of India, Chennai under following Schemes:-
1.Scheme for Provision of Ambulance Services to Animals in Distress.
2.Scheme for Animal Birth Control and Immunization of stray dogs.
3.Scheme for Relief to Animals during Natural Calamities and unforeseen Circumstances.
4.Scheme for Provision of Shelter Houses for looking after the animals.
A Joint Secretary heads the Division. There is one Deputy Secretary, and 2 Under Secretaries. Under Animal Welfare Section there is 1 Section Officer, 1 Assistant, 1 LDC and 3 Office Assistants. Under CPCSEA there are 5 Expert Consultants, 1 Accountant, 4 Computer Operators and 3 MTS.5.animal welfare act:
Provisions as Laid Down in USDA Act
The Animal Welfare Act (AWA) was the first federal law in the US regulating animals in research. The AWA applies to animal carriers, handlers, dealers, breeders, and exhibitors in addition to research laboratories, and sets minimum standards of care that must be provided for animals – including housing, handling, sanitation, food, water, veterinary care and protection from weather extremes. It covers warm-blooded species, with the exception of birds, rats of the genus Rattus, and mice of the genus Mus -bred for use in research.Over the years, the AWA has been amended numerous times. The key provisions regarding animals in research are as follows:
On August 24, the Laboratory Animal Welfare Act (P.L. 89-544) is signed into law. The Act sets minimum standards of care and housing for dogs, cats, primates, rabbits, hamsters and guinea pigs in the premises of animal dealers and laboratories, and it requires identification of dogs and cats to prevent theft. Dealers must be licensed and laboratories must be registered.
On December 24, Congress amends the Laboratory Animal Welfare Act (P.L. 91-579), renamed the Animal Welfare Act, extending protection to all warm-blooded animals in laboratories.
Congress passes an amendment (signed into law on April 22) to broaden the Animal Welfare Act (P.L. 94-279) so as to, among other things –
regulate carriers, intermediate handlers and animal brokers, so as to require adherence to humane standards;
specify that all dogs – including dogs for hunting, security or breeding purposes – be protected;
require a veterinarian’s certificate for animals in interstate transport; and
require all federal agencies – including the Army, Air Force and National Institutes of Health – using laboratory animals to show they fully comply with the Act.
On December 23, the Food Security Act (P.L. 99-198), an omnibus farm bill, is adopted into law. The Improved Standards for Laboratory Animals Act (ISLAA) is included within the Food Security Act. ISLAA is an amendment to the AWA, intended to minimize the pain and distress of animals in the laboratory. It establishes an information service in the National Agricultural Library, in cooperation with the National Library of Medicine, to provide data on alternatives to animals in research, help prevent unintended duplication of experiments and tests, and supply information to institutions for training scientists and other personnel in humane practices, as required by the new law.
Each registered research facility must appoint an institutional animal committee, including a veterinarian and an unaffiliated person, to represent the general community interest in the welfare of the animals. The committee must inspect the animal laboratories twice a year and report deficiencies to the institution for correction. If not corrected promptly, the USDA must be notified for enforcement action, and any funding agency involved must be informed so that they can make a decision on whether the grant should be suspended or revoked.
Furthermore, investigators are required to consider alternatives and to consult with a veterinarian before beginning any experiment that could cause pain. They must adhere to standards set by the Secretary of Agriculture for pre- and post-surgical care and the use of pain-relieving drugs or euthanasia, and against the use of paralytics without anesthesia and the unnecessary use of the same animal for more than one major operation. Exceptions to the standards may be made only when specified by a research protocol and an explanation is provided for any deviation. Fines for violations rise from $1,000 to $2,500 for an AWA violation and from $500 to $1,500for failure to obey a cease and desist order. Each day that an AWA violation or failure to obey a cease and desist order continues is considered a separate violation.
On November 28, the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act (FACTA) (P.L. 101-624), an omnibus farm bill, is adopted into law. The Pet Theft Act, included in FACTA, is an amendment to the AWA, requiring pounds to hold dogs and cats for five days before releasing them to dealers. The AWA is further amended to allow the USDA to seek injunctions against any licensed facility found dealing in stolen animals or placing the health of any animal in serious danger in violation of the Act.
On May 13, the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act (P.L. 107-171), an omnibus farm bill, is signed into law. It includes language changing the definition of “animal” under the AWA to specifically exclude birds, rats of the genus Rattus and mice of the genus Mus, bred for use in research. (The excluded animals constitute approximately 95% of all animals in research.)
On June 18, the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act (P.L. 110-246), an omnibus farm bill, is adopted into law. It includes an amendment to the AWA which increased fines for violations of the law from $2,500 to $10,000 per violation, per animal, per day.
Prior to final passage, a provision of the bill to phase out sale and use of random source dogs and cats is dropped—although it had been adopted by both the House and Senate. It is replaced with language calling for a study of Class B dealers by the National Institutes of Health, and instructing the USDA to respond to the House and Senate Agriculture Committees on the study.
Find out more about animals in laboratories.